How much time have you wasted online today?
I can give you a rough estimate of the minutes I frittered away just this morning:
- 20 minutes spent reading comments on Reddit about the Dr. Strange movie (which is awesome, by the way)
- 10 minutes spent reading about all the actors who have played Sherlock Holmes
- 15 minutes looking stupid pictures of dogs (while eating breakfast, so this one isn’t as bad I suppose)
45 minutes, totally gone. And that’s just this morning.
Why do we waste so much time online? We know we should be studying, or writing a paper, or coding, or whatever – but instead we hit up Reddit. Or we scroll through Facebook with glazed-over eyes.
Sometimes we even waste time by reading articles about productivity. That wouldn’t be you right now, would it?
Anyway, let’s not waste any more time venting our frustrations. We’re here to eliminate all those hours we waste online, and I’ve got several effective solutions.
Sure, I’m not perfect. I still procrastinate. However, that 45 minutes I wasted this morning was followed by more than a few hours of solid work – and these techniques helped.
Down to brass tacks, padawan.
The best way to prevent yourself from wasting time online is to block your access to the places where you waste it. Plain and simple.
While blocking specific sites won’t prevent you from finding new ones to waste time at, it’s still effective. The idea is to make procrastination more effort than it’s worth.
If your brain is used to jetting over to Reddit or Facebook when you don’t want to work, block those two sites. It’ll take more mental effort to Google for something specific to waste time looking at than it will for you to just lazily scroll through your newsfeed.
Without a doubt, my current favorite tool for blocking distracting sites is an app called Cold Turkey. Available for Mac, Windows, and Android, Cold Turkey lets you block every digital distraction you can imagine, using customized lists of distracting sites. It’s currently available in a free version, which includes the site-blocking functionality I already mentioned, as well as a paid version that adds some additional features such as the ability to block other applications and schedule recurring blocking periods.
Here are some apps you can use to block familiar time-wasting sites when you’re working:
- Focus (Mac) – Focus lets you block distracting sites and apps for set amounts of time, as well as scheduling recurring “blocks of productivity.” It can also work as a Pomodoro timer for when you’re really procrastinating on something important. Focus is available in a 14-day free trial; after that, it’s a one-time purchase of $19.99.
- Freedom (Windows, Mac, iOS) – Similar to Focus and Cold Turkey, Freedom is another tool that can block sites and apps across browsers and platforms, Notably, it also includes support for blocking on iOS, which can be a boon to blocking distractions on your iPhone or iPad. (Honestly, though, how much “real” work do you actually use your iPhone for?) Freedom is available in a free trial that allows you to create seven blocking sessions; after that, it’s $6.99 a month (though other pricing plans are available).
- FocalFilter (Windows) – FocalFilter allows you to block sites across multiple browsers. It doesn’t allow you to set recurring “blocked” periods, but if you just need a way to stay focused during a particularly difficult assignment, it’s still an excellent option.
- SelfControl (Mac) – SelfControl works much the same way as FocalFilter, blocking sites for a predetermined period of time. Even if you restart your computer or delete the application, you won’t be able to access distracting sites until the timer is up (so carefully choose the sites you block!).
To get really nuclear, make these changes on an Administrator account on your computer. Set a really complex password for that account, and store it somewhere safe on paper.
Do all your work on a non-admin account, and you’ll have no way to change your block settings unless you go get the password. This is way more intense than most people will need, but desperate times sometimes call for desperate measures.
If you need to write a paper, check out Cold Turkey Writer. Whereas the Cold Turkey app discussed above lets you selectively block certain sites and apps, Cold Turkey Writer straight-up turns your computer into a typewriter. After you decide on a word count goal, you’ll be presented with a full-screen writing area and a progress bar. Until you hit that word count goal, you can’t do anything else with your computer; you’re stuck in the app. Check out the video below for more details.
Pick Four is simply a notebook that helps me track what I’ve done each day on each of my goals. The idea is that seeing all the progress I’ve made on previous days will deter me from being lazy, as I won’t want to have a page that says “NOTHING” for my progress.
Even if you don’t want to track progress on specific goals, you can still use the idea underneath this practice, which is holding yourself accountable.
In the case of wasting less time online, the solution is time-tracking.
If you’re able to look at how much time you spend each day doing certain things, you’re less likely to waste a bunch of time on the internet because you know you’re going to feel guilty later when you review it.
This is the reason that keeping a food diary is so effective for people trying to lose weight. It’s why apps like Streaks are so popular. If you know you’re going to be held accountable – even just to yourself – you’re more likely to do what you need to do.
The easiest way to track your time is to use an extension like RescueTime to automatically track the amount of time you spend on each site.
If you’d like to be even more proactive, use an app like toggl to manually plan out your day and track the time you spend on each task.
It does create more work (or work about work, as Chase Reeves would say), but if the time spent is outweighed by the time you spend not surfing distracting websites, then it’s a net positive effect.
If you’re one of those students with more than one computer (as an IT major, I always was), you can further remove the temptation to waste time by dedicating one of your computers solely to work.
Don’t install stuff like Steam, social media clients, or chat clients (unless they’re work-related). You can use the blocking techniques above to completely lock the computer down if needed as well.
If you use Chrome and have Chrome sync enabled for your account, consider using a different Google account on this computer so your time-wasting bookmarks don’t sync over. If you don’t want to do that, at least hide the bookmarks bar.
It’s even more effective if you use this computer in a different location than where you use your leisure computer.
Find a specific spot on campus, in a coffee shop, or somewhere else you like and think of it as your “office”. (Here are some more study spot ideas) Or pick new locations whenever you like – but don’t use the same room you game in.
Don’t have a second computer? You don’t need to go buy a new one just to use this technique. Just use computer labs on campus to do your work.
I actually did this quite often in school, and the lack of access to all of my time-wasting programs and bookmarks really helped me. It’s hard to slack off when you’re using a computer with nothing but IE (blegh) and Word, especially if you left your phone back in your dorm.
This is one of my worst habits.
Instead of focusing on one specific task, I’ll often stare futilely at my email inbox and try to clear it out.
The problem is that email keeps coming in all day. And some of it requires careful thought to reply to. Other messages require me to go and do something – schedule a meeting, do some research, etc.
By constantly checking my email throughout the day, I’m just switching my focus from one thing to another erratically, never giving myself enough time to truly focus on anything.
The solution is to simply block out time for email during the day. One block of time to focus on nothing but the inbox.
All other hours of the day are to be spent doing something else, with the email tab closed entirely.
While I’m not perfect at doing this, it certainly is effective when I do force myself to do it.
Related: Here are some more ways you can conquer your email.
Even when you’ve blocked access to your biggest time-sinks, you’re often bombarded by notifications that keep pulling your focus away from your work and, occasionally, send you down new time-wasting rabbit holes.
Solution: eliminate ’em.
- Turn off all but the essential notifications in Notification Center on OS X
- Get rid of notifications on your phone
- Put your phone in Do Not Disturb mode when you’re working (you can set it up so you can still receive calls, either from everyone or just specific people)
- Don’t keep social media apps and sites open during the day – check them at specific times instead
Remember that changing your focus from one thing to another always carries a switching cost, and those costs add up to many minutes of productive time lost. Each notification you disable gets rid of one more of those switching costs.
While holding yourself accountable to your future self through time-tracking and self-review can be effective, being accountable to someone else is much, much better.
I sometimes miss the internship and part-time jobs I used to have. I much prefer being an entrepreneur, but one thing I had with those jobs was a boss.
Bosses get a bad rap in movies and Dilbert comics, but in reality, having a boss can be a boon to your productivity.
When I had a boss, I had no trouble getting my work done because knew there was someone who would put a boot up my ass if I didn’t get it done.
Now that I work for myself, there’s nobody that can do that. I can justify procrastination much more easily if I want.
When you’re a student, you’re in pretty much the same situation. You do at least have due dates on homework, but it’s not like the professor is going to yell at you if you don’t do it – you’ll just fail the assignment.
The situation is even worse when it comes to non-school things – making yourself more hirable, looking for scholarships, going to the gym, etc. There are lots of things you know you should do, but there’s nobody there to make you do it.
However, there are ways you can essentially manufacture a boss for yourself:
- Become part of a mastermind group, and have a weekly meeting (Google Hangouts work well) to review what everyone’s gotten done since the last one
- Tell a friend you want to finish something by a certain date, and you’ll give them $50 or do their laundry for a month if you don’t finish it
- Get a productivity buddy, and report the day’s progress to each other each night
These are just a few ideas – you can come up with others yourself. I remember one of my friends had a huge programming assignment due at midnight one night, so he streamed his computer screen to UStream and told us to make sure he did it.
Remember, reading articles on how to be more productive is yet another form of wasting time – unless you put what you’ve learned into practice.
So here’s my challenge to you: Take just one of the techniques that you’ve learned here and implement it. Install one of the apps I mentioned. Or hit up a buddy and start building a mastermind group.
Here’s to a more productive – and less distracted – semester!